Comparison of Buffering Potency of Periwinkle (Tympanotonus Fuscatus) Shells and Calcium Carbonate for Aquaculture in Niger Delta

Onome Augustina Davies, E. OGIDIAKA


The Niger Delta region in Nigeria is faced with the challenge of low groundwater pH for fish production. Calcium carbonate (inorganic buffer) has long been used for this purpose but organic aquaculture is being advocated thus an organic buffer is required. A study was conducted to determine buffering potency of periwinkle (Tympanotonus fuscatus var radula and Tympanotonus fuscatus var fuscatus) shells on acidic borehole water for aquaculture. Seventy-two, 100-litre shaded plastic tanks (3/4- filled, pH 4.0) of three replicates per treatment per dosage were used. There were four dosages (54 g, 135 g, 1350 g and 5400 g) of six treatments (T) [control (C) [T1], calcium carbonate (CA) [T2], burnt crushed periwinkle shells (BCPS) [T3], burnt uncrushed periwinkle shells (BUPS) [T4], unburnt crushed periwinkle shells (UCPS) [T5] and unburnt uncrushed periwinkle shells (UUPS) [T6]]. pH and temperature were monitored daily (morning, afternoon and night) while dissolved oxygen, calcium and alkalinity were measured twice for fourteen days using standard methods. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel for analysis of variance and descriptive statistics. All shell forms buffered experimental water and observed pH values were within the recommended pH 5 and above but T3 at 5400 g was the optimal treatment (pH 6.58). 

Key Words: Periwinkle shells, acidic ground water, fish production, organic buffer, calcium carbonate, Niger Delta

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