Traditional Marriage Systems and Procedures In Central Izon of Niger Delta and North-East Yoruba Land of NIgeria: A Comparative Analysis.

Aduke Grace Ekundayo, Beatrice Amah

Abstract


Marriage is a union between two (sometimes more) people especially a man and a woman. It is a universal concept and is as old as the human race. Marriage is an aspect of culture and culture is not static. But somehow every generation tries to preserve aspects of the indigenous tradition. Hence we can talk of traditional marriage system. This cultural institution is held in very high esteem hence its importance cannot be overemphasized as it is one of the basically socially acceptable relationships among human beings. As universal as this institution is the ceremonies, rituals or what generally constitutes acceptability in marriage may differ from one ethnic group to the other. It is with this intention that this paper examines the marriage customs and practices in Central Izon and North East Yoruba land. The highlights are on the cultural differences and similarities of this great institution. Also examined are the changes which encroached into this institution overtime. The paper concludes that in spite of the differences, the institution is still crucial even though the trend has greatly changed due to modernization or civilization.


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References


E.J Alagoa; A History of the Niger Delta, Port Harcourt: Onyoma Research publications, 2005, p. 89 - 119. See also E.J. Alagoa Wilberforce Island, Niger Delta Maiden Lectures, Centre for Niger Delta studies, Niger Delta University, Amassoma, 2007.

They are called O’ kun Yoruba because of their mode of greeting. Though this term is not exclusive to them, O’ Kun Yoruba and North East Yoruba will be used interchangeably in this paper. See A. Adalumo; “A socio-political History of Kabba Division, 1900-1976”. Ph.D.Thesis,University of Ilorin, 1997, p. 25.

N.A. Fadipe, The sociology of the Yoruba, Ibadan University Press, 1970, p.65.

S.E. Poweigha, “Marriage System in Opokuma Clan” Unpublished M.A. Thesis (College of Education (now Ajuru University of Education) Port Harcourt, 1982 p.12.

B. Amah, “Marriage Institution in Central Izon and Efik land: A Comparative Study”, Ph.D.Thesis, University of Calabar, 2014, p.50.

S. B. Arowolaju; “Institution of marriage: A study of the Yoruba Nation” Nigeria web Odilimet/Nigernet. Composed on 18 May, 2005.

Onya Mozi, Interviewed at Kaiama (Bayelsa State) on 27/03/2008.

Discussion held with Phillip Mounma, at kaiama on 4/6/2008 and `19/6/2008.

P. Ayodele Interviewed at Egbe (Kogi State) on 12/11/ 2014. See also

S.B Arowolaju, “Institution of Marriage: A study of the Yoruba Nation”.

B. Amah, “Marriage Institution in Central Izon and Efik land: A Comparative Study”, Ph.D.Thesis, University of Calabar, 2014, p.55.

Ibid p.56.

T.E Ingiabuna and P. Obaro; Kingship, Marriage, the family culture and peoples of Nigeria CCE IA printers and publication, Warri: 2009, p. 1-18, 97 – 122.

K. Owu, Interviewed at Isanlu, on 15/11/2014.

“Traditional wedding process”. www.nairaland.com/./ traditional-Yoruba-wedding process step by step. March 23, 2012.

Discussion held with Deborah Oluwi at Orokere Amuro, Nov. 16/11/2014.

S.B. Arowolaju, “Institution of marriage: A study of the Yoruba Nation” Nigeria web Odilimet/Nigernet. Composed on 18 May, 2005.

B. Amah “Marriage Institution in Central Izon and Efik land: A Comparative Study”, Ph.D.Thesis, University of Calabar, 2014, p.58.

Interview with king Agara, the Onya Mozi of seven Kolokuma villages, on 27/3/2008, and 27/5/2008, at kaiama.

Interview with Deborah Oluwi at Orokere Amuro, 16/11/2014.

S.B. Arowolaju, “Institution of marriage: Study of the Yoruba Nation”, Nigeria web Odilimet/Nigernet. Composed on 18 May, 2005.

I. Komokuo interviewed at Kaiama on 29/04/2008.

D. Henige, Oral Historiography, New York: Longman, 1982, p.2.


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