Comparative Study of the Proximate Composition of Edible Parts of Adansonia digitata L. obtained from Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Ocholi Paul Edogbanya

Abstract


The study is aimed at evaluating and comparing the proximate composition of edible parts (fruit pulp, seeds and leaves) of Adansonia digitata. Plant materials (dried fruits and fresh leaves) were obtained from the botanical garden and  identified  at  the herbarium of  the Department of biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Dried samples of fruit pulp, seeds and leaves were pulverized and proximate analysis was carried out to determine their moisture, ash, crude lipid, crude protein, crude fibre, and carbohydrate content. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare means of the various parameters measured and Duncan multiple Range Test (DMRT) was used to separate means where significant. The level of significance was taken at p < 0.05. Results revealed that: the fruit pulp had the highest significant moisture content of 18.41%; seeds had the highest significant fat, protein and fibre content of 31.42%, 14.26% and 7.87% respectively; leaves had the highest significant ash and carbohydrate content of 12.31% and 61.60% respectively. All the edible parts of Adansonia digitata are unique in their proximate composition and they may be used to complement each other to bring about a more balanced diet instead of been eaten singly.

Key words: Adansonia digitata, Edible parts, Comparative study, Proximate composition

 


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MAYFEB Journal of Biology and Medicine
MAYFEB TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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